Newborn Stage

Newborn Stage

Let's analyze baby's "now" and "soon"!

Newborn Stage

Development Average birth weight of a newborn is 2.8 to 3 kg (6 to 6.6 lbs)

Body overall

Newborn's torso and limbs are still slender and they look very much different from the image of a round, plump baby.


Baby's head is a bit out of shape and can often be a little pointy. There is a soft spot on the baby's skull known as fontanelles which will close by age 1 or 2. As baby aged, the head will gradually take on a more normal shape.


Slender and wobbly. Unable to support the head.


Newborn's tend to assume a posture similar to what their position in the uterus had been. Arms are tightly closed and held close to their bodies.


Knees are flexed and legs are open toward the outside. Hip joints are unsteady, the letter "M" position is the natural shape.

Belly button

The umbilical cord stump will peel off a week after birth. It requires much care due to its delicate state.


Newborn's normal body temparature ranges from 37 to 38 degrees celsius. It is appropriate to adjust the room temperature, clothing and beddings to be able to regulate the body temperature.


Compared to an adult's skin, baby's skin is thinner, fragile and delicate. Baby's metabolism is more active in the newborn stage, thus, baby perspires a lot. There are also a lot of skin secretions. As a result, oil glands around the head and eyebrows may get clogged that may cause a yellow eczema breakout. Heat rash may appear around the face or nape where there are a lot of sweat glands. Baby may scratch himself with his own fingernails that may cause bacterial infection. Also, watch-out for stopped-up nose as this will make it difficult for baby to nurse or drink formula.

So when it comes in choosing what touches baby's skin...choose product that are soft and gentle in texture.

Breastfeeding, formula

Breast milk is still the best for baby. In cases that it is not possible to nurse the baby, there are infant formula that is a nutritious alternative to breast milk. Newborn baby makes no distinction between day and night, thus, he will wake up every 2-3 hours and cry for milk. It is important that he is fed to satisfy his need. After each feeding, make sure to burp the baby.


To wash away sweat and sebum, it is important to give baby a bath once a day. Also, it is a lovely way to strengthen the mother's attachment and bond to her newborn baby. Being immersed in warm water even for just a few minutes will warm up baby's body temperature to make him feel good. It also improves blood circulation and a good form of exercise.

Clothing changes

Just by drinking milk and crying, baby can get drenched in sweat. It is important that his undergarments be change many times throughout the day. Be sure to stock up on lots of undergarments. In this stage, his neck and back are unsteady. In order to be able to change his clothes with the baby lying down, use undergarments that are kimono-style. Lastly to avoid irritation to baby's sensitive skin, newborn baby clothes must be kept simple.

A baby's day

A day in the life of a newborn baby is a recurring cycle of nursing, sleeping, waking up, nursing and sleeping again. The average sleep of a new born baby is 20 hours per day. His sleep is light and he does not distinguish between day and night. Every 2-3 hours he will get hungry and wake up...he will cry and want milk. Through all these physical contacts with his mother, a close bond is develop between mother and baby.

update : 19.09.2017

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